N. MOJSILOVI; and P. MARTI
Institute of Structural Engineering, ETH Zurich
The behaviour of structural masonry walls subjected to eccentric shear and normal forces is investigated. Different theoretical models are proposed depending on the magnitude of the applied forces. A bilinear response prediction is found to be appropriate for relatively small forces, whereas for larger forces, either sandwich models or linearised failure surfaces should be used. The theoretical derivations are accompanied by comparisons with experimental results obtained from rotation tests on masonry walls and compression tests on masonry wall elements.