Silesian University of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Gliwice, Poland
Results of comparative investigations of reinforced and unreinforced clay brick masonry non dilatational strains are presented in this paper. Wallets 130 cm x 142 cm were subjected was simultaneously to shearing perpendicular to bed joints and vertical compression. Reinforcement was placed in every 3rd and 6th bed joint to obtain 0,05% and 0,10% reinforcement ratio relating to wallette vertical cross section area. On the basis of non-dilatational strains and shearing forces measured during tests non-dilatational strain angles and shear modulus were calculated. Failure cracking was observed, as well. FEM analysis of vertically sheared masonry was also carried out. Investigations revealed that non-dilatational strain angles and shear modulus depend on the level of compressive stresses accompanying shearing. Relating to unreinforced masonry, bed joint reinforcement decrease non-dilatational strain angles and increase shear modulus.
sheared masonry, reinforced masonry, non-dilatational strain, shear modulus