Faculty of Architecture, University of Sarajevo, Structural Department
Faculty of Architecture, University of Sarajevo; Architectural construction and technology Department
This paper is a result of authors’ involvement in the Project of Rehabilitation of the Ferhad-Pasha’sMosque.The aim of the project was to construct an authentic building using authentic materials, whilerespecting the principles of aesthetics and the approaches of ancient builders. The building will bereconstructed to the same condition as it was before destruction using similar construction methods. Itis foreseen that it will be difficult to comply with this principle, due to significant developments inarchitecture since the initial construction. Monuments are precious things that must be respected, andaltered as little as possible. These observations could lead to contradictory decisions, at timesaccepting a higher degree of risk in order to avoid or limit changes to the original concept. TheFerhad-Pasha’s Mosque is the work of a highly-qualified mimar (builder) and muhendis (engineer), aproduct of Sinan’s school. On 7 May 1993 the mosque was dynamited and razed to the ground, andthe material removed to the city landfill site in Rami?e. The computer program SAP 2000 was used toanalyze the minarets with shell elements. Assuming no tension, it was found that the stress wasexceeded to a greater extent under the earthquake load. Deformations caused by shear forces havean insignificant influence upon the rigidity of tall slender structures, thus they can be neglected inpractical calculations. To take off the tensile stress, which appears due to seismic movements, werecommended two solutions.
minaret, structure, cultural heritage, construction, seismic action, shell elements