GIAMUNDO, VINCENZO1; SARHOSIS, VASILIS2; LIGNOLA, GIAN PIERO3; SHENG, YONG4; GARRITY, STEPHEN5; MANFREDI, GAETANO6
1) Visiting research assistant, University of Leeds, Civil Engineering, firstname.lastname@example.org
2) Post doctoral fellow, Cardiff University, Civil Engineering, email@example.com
3) Assistant professor, University of Naples Federico II, Dept. of Struct. for Eng. and Arch., firstname.lastname@example.org
4) Associate professor, University of Leeds, Civil Engineering, email@example.com
5) Hoffman wood professor, University of Leeds, Civil Engineering, firstname.lastname@example.org
6) Full professor, University of Naples Federico II, Dept. of Struct. for Eng. and Arch., email@example.com
Masonry is characterized by the large variability of its components. Parameters like strength, bond and workmanship defects strongly influence the performance of the overall structure. The applicability of different computational modelling approaches to assess the structural behaviour of masonry has been studied. Two of the most relevant computational modelling approaches have been considered namely: finite element method (FEM) and distinct element method (DEM). In order to validate the numerical outcomes, comparisons with the experimental results have been undertaken. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the knowledge and selection of a suitable modelling approach for modelling low unit strength masonry structures. The results showed that in the case of low unit strength masonry, FEM is a more suitable approach to use. In fact, since in the considered case, the block is the weak component, it is not possible to assume the brick units as a rigid block. Therefore an accurate plasticity and cracking model for the brick is required.
Keywords: Masonry, wall, low unit strength, FEM, DEM, numerical analyses.