1 PhD Civil Eng, PPSEC, Department of Structural Engineering, pp@ppsec.pt;

2 MSc Civil Eng, PPSEC, Department of Structural Engineering, np@ppsec.pt;

3 MSc Civil Eng, PPSEC, Department of Structural Engineering, jose@ppsec.pt;

4 Professor, University of Minho – Portugal, Department of Civil Engineering, pbl@civil.uminho.pt


The latest earthquake codes in Europe require the safety assessment of non-structural elements (parapets, masonry wall’s veneer, infill walls, etc.), as their collapse entails risks for people or for the main structure stability.

This work made possible the development of a design method, supported by previous experimental researches by applying cyclic out-of-plane loads to damaged masonry infill in RC frames. Panels tested reproduce Portuguese traditional RC structure construction system and two reinforced solutions were created as innovative solutions.

The experimental campaign was carried out in order to determine: masonry properties; out-of-plane panel behaviour with previous in-plane damage; building behaviour subjected to dynamic tests performed in shaking table.

Using finite element method to reproduce experimental tests and to broaden the range of samples it was possible to figure out equations according to parametric analysis which was able to reproduce in-plane and out-plane behaviour leading to an estimated load bearing capacity of each model and to determine frame strength and its stiffness. Those equations permit to design or verify the masonry infill panels in RC frames subjected to seismic loads.


Keywords: Masonry Infill, RC frames, In-plane damage, Out-of-plane behaviour